ARRIVING AT GOD THROUGH SCIENCE

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WHAT IF GRAVITY WERE INCREASED OR DECREASED? WHAT IF THE ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE WOULD BE INCREASED OR DECREASED? WHAT IF THE LEVEL OF OXYGEN INCREASED IN THE ATMOSPHERE...HOW WOULD IT AFFECT LIFE? THE HUMAN BODY IS A MIRACLE...CONSIDER THE NUMBER OF CELLS AND THE NERVOUS SYSTEM...CONSIDER THE BENEFITS OF SLEEP AND READ HOW SLEEP DEPRIVATION IMPACTS THE BODY...CONSIDER THE BENEFITS OF SUNLIGHT AND HOW IT WOULD HAVE IMPACTED OUR WORLD WITHOUT A SUN...WE REACH AT THE FACT THAT EVERYTHING IN THE UNIVERSE HAS BEEN CREATED FOR A PURPOSE..BUT WHO IS THE CREATOR.....READ THIS

Submitted: July 10, 2015

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Submitted: July 10, 2015

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Every human being, rich or poor is subject to constraints such as hunger, thirst, disease, time, sleep, old age and death. It is strange that human beings are one of the most fragile creatures in the world but they are perhaps the most foolish and intelligent ones as well. Shaped from dust unlike the Jinn who are made of fire and the Angels who are made from light, we were created as the ‘best of His Creations’ and when Adam was formed, the Angels objected that man would cause a great deal of violence and bloodshed on Earth. Indeed man was created as His Viceroy. However it is amazing that the very person who was shaped by Him, who was blessed by Him with life rises up to become His very enemy when he decides to overlook and reject His existence and His Commandments. Throughout History when Prophets were sent to different races, the infidels and the disbelievers would say that they would follow the religion of their forefathers rather than believing the word of God. And the Bible, the Taurat and the Holy Quran, all carry accounts of the fate of those who were disobedient. And yet today in the 21ST Century, many men and women across the globe choose to walk away from the path prescribed by Him. This tantamounts to disobedience and arrogance.

Remember that when Adam was made from dust by Allah, He had asked all the Angels to prostrate before him and all of them did save Satan who was a creation of fire and he said “Why should I, a being of fire prostrate before someone who has been created from dust?” It was for this arrogance on Satan’s part that he was kicked out of the Heavens. This very arrogance is on display today across the globe by atheists, hypocrites and disbelievers.

The very same God created man in different shapes, sizes and colors with different and unique characteristics and personalities. He provided us the ability to hear, to see, to smell, to feel and to think rationally or irrationally. Our Universe today is made up of billions of stars and trillions of galaxies. Think about how it was created and why it was created? There has to be a creator and what a magnificent and powerful creator it must be who shaped all of the Universe and whatever is contained within it. And yet He set some constraints upon mankind; constraints that he does not have the power to remove. Inspite of our tremendous progress in science and technology, a major part of the Universe is composed of Dark Matter and scientists claim that they don’t know what is hidden in it. With all the technology at hand, scientists have not been able to figure out how they can send manned missions to planets within our own solar system. Interstellar travel is as yet not a possibility. Similarly the concept of time travel which has been the subject of many movies and novels is all fiction. Scientists have not been able to figure out the mystery of time and therefore sadly, the concept of time travel and changing the past and the future is sadly confined to stories and movies. Another concept that has been the focus of many movies and novels has been the ability of cheating death and delaying it. Sadly the latest developments in medicine and science have not allowed one to foretell when a person would die and under what circumstances and where. There have been many movies based on the concept of immortality but the sad truth is that death is inevitable. Consider the fact that everything in the Universe has been created for a purpose and is subject to varying constraints. Everything within our Universe has been created in perfect proportion.

Our atmosphere is made up of gases in exactly the right proportion. An imbalance in that proportion could have catastrophic implications for the survival of people, for animals and for the flora and fauna. Imagine what would have happen if the gravity upon the earth would have varied and subjected to an imbalance. In case of a weaker gravity, things would fly apart rather than fall towards each other, In such a universe you would not get galaxies or stars or planets. In fact, it’s very difficult to imagine any kind of complicated structure (such as a plant or an animal) in a universe without some kind of force pulling things together on a large scale. What would happen if gravity were stronger? A stronger force of gravity would affect the size of things, in several important ways. Martin Rees discusses this in his book ‘Just Six numbers’: The size of animals The force of gravity doesn’t affect the way individual atoms and molecules behave – this is controlled by the electrostatic forces between them. This means that the strength of materials would be the same, whether steel girders, concrete, bones, or tree trunks. But in a strong gravity world, the weight they would have to support would be much more. As animals or plants get larger, there would come a tipping point, where they would no longer be able to support their own weight. And as the force of gravity gets stronger, this tipping point comes sooner – with smaller animals: ‘In an imaginary strong-gravity world, even insects would need thick legs to support them, and no animals could grow much larger. Gravity would crush anything as large as ourselves.’ (Rees 1999:34) So: ‘If, for instance, we increased the strength of gravity on earth a billion fold the force of gravity would be so great that any land-based organism anywhere near the size of human beings would be crushed.’ (Collins, Evidence, p. 15) So stars would be smaller; and galaxies would be smaller, and more crowded. Stable planetary orbits would be much less likely – there would be a much higher chance of a planet being knocked out of its orbit by another passing star: ‘Galaxies would form much more quickly in such a universe, and would be miniaturized. Instead of the stars being widely dispersed, they would be so densely packed that close encounters would be frequent. This would in itself preclude stable planetary systems, because the orbits would be disturbed by passing stars – something that (fortunately for our Earth) is unlikely to happen in our own Solar System.’ (Rees 1999:34)

Imagine what would happen if atmospheric pressure were to vary. If it had been lower than normal, it would have caused headaches particularly sinus headaches. When atmospheric pressure drops, gases in the sinuses and ears are at a higher pressure than those of the surrounding air. The air pressure tries to equalize causing pain in the ears and the face. Can you fathom what would happen if the content of oxygen were to increase in the atmosphere? Though oxygen is necessary for survival but an increase in it can have a toxic effect and damage multiple organ systems. Oxygen toxicity would cause irritation in the tracheobronchial tree, it would cause nasal congestion, sore throat, coughing, muscle twitching, tinnitus or ringing in ears, dizziness, convulsions and death. Now imagine what would happen if oxygen levels in the atmosphere would be reduced. Low oxygen levels affect a number of systems in the body. A lowered mix of oxygen in the blood causes the vessels of the lungs to narrow. This causes the heart to pump harder. It strains to get blood through the lungs. The heart rate and breathing rate are increased. Over time, this strain causes the heart to expand and weaken. It will eventually fail. Known as Cor Pulmonale, this rightsided heart failure is caused by lung disease. Low oxygen levels can lead to an increase in the number of red blood cells in the body. It is the red blood cells that take oxygen through the body. This large number of red blood cells is the body’s way of trying to deliver more oxygen to the tissues and cells. Low oxygen levels also can have a harmful effect on brain function and physical ability. Attention span and concentration may be reduced. Memory and mood can be affected. Abstract reasoning and problem-solving skills can be impaired. Speech may become affected. Simple sensory and motor skills may become difficult. Complex tasks that require gross and fine motor skills become harder. This may include tasks such as driving a car and operating equipment. Poor endurance for exercise, muscle weakness and impaired coordination also can be seen. Severe hypoxemia is life-threatening. It can ultimately lead to confusion, coma and death. Life is a blessing! Consider the miracle of the human body for instance.

The human body is made up of 100 trillion cells but since their size is not large, our bodies are not of a gigantic size. When a million of our body cells are gathered together, they occupy a place no bigger than a pinpoint. Despite its smallness, however, a cell's structure has not yet been fully understood. Scientists are still carrying out their researches on the systems that a cell has. The first cell that formed you was originated in your mother's womb by the union of two cells, one released by your mother's body and the other by your father's. This cell kept dividing and became a piece of flesh some time later. Then, as the cells that formed this flesh continued to divide to form new cells, your body was shaped bit by bit. Then consider the fact the body is performing numerous functions at the same time such as breathing, thinking, eating, digesting and much more. Our body performs all these processes automatically using a network of trillions of nerve cells. Thanks to this network, the cells in our brain are linked to the muscle cells in our feet, and all body cells communicate with each other. Electrical nerve impulses are transmitted along the network of nerves in our body. These impulses convey messages from one region to another. All kinds of information are transmitted from the body to the brain in the form of stimuli, which need to be interpreted. Only then can you perceive the softness of your dog's fur, the coolness of the wind, the flavour of the peach juice, the smell of the fried potatoes. Now let us consider the benefits of sleeping on the human body through an article published in times magazine. I am providing an excerpt to the readers. In fact, when the lights go out, our brains start working–but in an altogether different way than when we’re awake. At night, a legion of neurons springs into action, and like any well-trained platoon, the cells work in perfect synchrony, pulsing with electrical signals that wash over the brain with a soothing, hypnotic flow.

Meanwhile, data processors sort through the reams of information that flooded the brain all day at a pace too overwhelming to handle in real time. The brain also runs checks on itself to ensure that the exquisite balance of hormones, enzymes and proteins isn’t too far off-kilter. And all the while, cleaners follow in close pursuit to sweep out the toxic detritus that the brain doesn’t need and which can cause all kinds of problems if it builds up. This, scientists are just now learning, is the brain on sleep. It’s nature’s panacea, more powerful than any drug in its ability to restore and rejuvenate the human brain and body. Getting the recommended seven to eight hours each night can improve concentration, sharpen planning and memory skills and maintain the fat-burning systems that regulate our weight. If every one of us slept as much as we’re supposed to, we’d all be lighter, less prone to developing Type 2 diabetes and most likely better equipped to battle depression and anxiety.

We might even lower our risk of Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis and cancer. The trouble is, sleep works only if we get enough of it. While plenty of pills can knock us out, none so far can replicate all of sleep’s benefits, despite decades’ worth of attempts in high-tech pharmaceutical labs. Which is why, after long treating rest as a good-if-you-can-get-it obligation, scientists are making the case that it matters much more than we think. They’re not alone in sounding the alarm. With up to 70 million of us not getting a good night’s sleep on a regular basis, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers insufficient sleep a public-health epidemic. In fact, experts argue, sleep is emerging as so potent a factor in better health that we need a societal shift–and policies to support it–to make sleep a nonnegotiable priority.

Therefore contemplate the miracle which is the human body and the benefits of various processes and systems within it. But who is the Creator? Have you ever stopped to ponder about His Blessings that He bestows upon you humanity and yet we rarely stop and thank Him for it. We rarely acknowledge His Presence and rarely remember Him except those times when we are facing immense difficulties. And God or Allah raises this question in the Quran in Surah Rahman again and again:

So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny? Verse 13, Surah Rahman

Now consider the impact of sleep deprivation on the human body. Following is an extract from an article: Evidence that the curtailment of sleep duration may have adverse health effects has emerged in the past 10 years. Accumulating evidence from both epidemiologic studies and well-controlled laboratory studies indicates that chronic partial sleep loss may increase the risk of obesity and weight gain. The present chapter reviews epidemiologic studies in adults and children and laboratory studies in young adults indicating that sleep restriction results in metabolic and endocrine alterations, including decreased glucose tolerance, decreased insulin sensitivity, increased evening concentrations of cortisol, increased levels of ghrelin, decreased levels of leptin and increased hunger and appetite. Altogether, the evidence points to a possible role of decreased sleep duration in the current epidemic of obesity.

Bedtime extension in short sleepers should be explored as a novel behavioral intervention that may prevent weight gain or facilitate weight loss. Avoiding sleep deprivation may help to prevent the development of obesity, particularly in children. The temporal organization of the release of the counter-regulatory hormones growth hormone (GH) and cortisol as well as the release of hormones that play a major role in appetite regulation, such as leptin and ghrelin, is partly dependent on sleep timing, duration and quality. Glucose tolerance and insulin secretion are also markedly modulated by the sleep-wake cycle [1]. Sleep propensity and sleep architecture are in turn controlled by the interaction of two time-keeping mechanisms in the central nervous system, circadian rhythmicity (i.e. intrinsic effects of biological time, irrespective of the sleep or wake state) and sleep-wake homeostasis (i.e. a measure of the duration of prior wakefulness, irrespective of time of day).

Lastly, when sleep suffers, so does your immune system. There are specific types of immune cells, namely cytotoxic natural killer cells and CTL, floating around in your body that peak in number during the day. They fight off foreign antigens and repair damaged tissue during the day when tissue damage is most likely to occur. At night, during the early stages of sleep and particularly during slow wave sleep (SWS), different types of immune cells peak in concentration (T helper cells and antigen presenting cells for those nerds in the crowd), prolactin and growth hormone peak, and cortisol and catecholamine productions drops. All of these changes make for an environment that supports inflammation. Therefore sleep is a great blessing. But have we ever thought about it as a blessing? And have we ever stopped to thank the Creator for this blessing? Now let us discuss the benefits of sunlight to humanity. Humans need sunlight to make Vitamin D, which helps us absorb calcium from our food. You can take all the calcium supplements you want, but unless you have enough Vitamin D, they won't really help.

Calcium is important for building bones and making tooth enamel, and also for general good health, since calcium is important for muscle contraction and nerve function (nerves help with conscious thought, movement, body functions and collecting information from our environment like touch, smell, sound, taste, pain, etc). New data from nutrition scientists suggests that many people do not get enough sunlight to make the Vitamin D they need to absorb calcium. (Sunscreen screens out the type of light needed to make Vitamin D.) I'm guessing that humans could probably survive without sunlight, although our bones wouldn't develop normally. What we really need sunlight for, and what ALL animals on earth need sunlight for, is the creation of food. Humans and other animals are called heterotrophs, which means "other" "feeding". Heterotrophs need to eat other organisms to survive. If you're a vegetarian, the organisms you are eating are plants. If you eat meat, the organisms you are eating are animals, and those animals probably ate plants, or ate other organisms that ate plants. For example, cows eat plants like grass and corn. Chickens eat plants and insects and worms. Those insects and worms got their food from plants, or from other insects and bacteria that ate plants. This is called a food chain, and it allows you to figure out the source of all your food. Write down a list of everything you ate for lunch and figure out where that food came from. (You may need to get help from your teacher to do this.) For example, if you had a hamburger and fries: the bread in the bun was made of flour, which comes from plants. The beef came from cows, which eat plants. The lettuce, onions and tomatoes came from plants. The fries are potatoes, which are plants. If you had a Coke with it, the sugar in the Coke came from plants. If you do this, you'll soon realize that the ultimate source of ALL food is plants. How can plants make their own food? They are able to use the energy in sunlight to make food from gas in the atmosphere and water and nutrients in the soil. This is a process called "photosynthesis", which means "to make food" "from sunlight". It's pretty amazing, when you think about it, but it means that plants cannot live without sunlight. So in this sense, humans and all heterotrophs need sunlight because we need plants for food and plants need sunlight. There are VERY few exceptions to this, and these animals live at the bottom of the ocean, or in other environments where there is no sunlight. The sun provides the vast majority of the energy we need to live.

In outer space, away from the sun it is very cold -- about 450F below zero! Maybe someday our technology will be advanced enough to let us travel between our solar system and other stars. We might spend long periods of time away from the sun, but we would still need to come back to a star for energy at some (our sun is a star -- it just looks a lot bigger because it is closer). The sun warms our atmosphere so it is a good temperature for life as we know it. All the oil and coal we burn is essentially energy from the sun that was trapped in plants and animals that died and turned into oil and coal.

Now we release that energy by burning the oil and coal. Wind energy comes from the sun heating the atmosphere and causing the air to move around. Yeah sun! Without the sun, our planet would get extremely cold, and all living things on it would die. Plants use the sun's energy for photosynthesis, which is the process they use to make nutrients. All animals on Earth depend on plants' ability to do that, either because they eat the plants directly (like cows and humans) or because they eat other animals that eat plants (like cheetahs who eat gazelles, or humans who eat chickens). If plants couldn't use the sun to make nutrients, all living things on the planet would starve. There are many other things the sun does for us, as well. We definitely need it! Therefore it can clearly be discerned that the most Merciful and Omnipotent Creator has created each thing within the entire Universe for a specific purpose and each thing, living and non-living has been created for a purpose. Nothing has been created without purpose. QURAN AND SCIENCE 1.

The orbits of the heavenly bodies are mentioned in the verse: "and the sun and the moon, all travelling in orbits." Surah 21 Verse 33 Imagine the fact that the Quran was talking about orbits and the sun and the moon 1400 years ago. 2. The planets do not emit any light of their own, but only reflect light. This differentiation between natural light and reflected light is pointed out with the words: "Blessed is He who made constellations in the sky and placed there in a lamp, and a moon giving light." Surah 25, Verse 61 And also: "It is He who made the sun to light up (the sky) and the moon that is lit." Surah 10, Verse 5 3. At the time of the Quran (7th century), it was still believed that all the stars in the sky, including our sun, were eternal and are made of a material that never fades or decays. No one was really aware of the nature of the reactions that took place inside stars for that was to be 20th century atomic theory territory but that (as mentioned before) was mentioned in the Quran.

These atomic reactions would take place inside a star for a finite time and then the star would eventually run out of energy when it has used up all its resources. When that stage is reached, a star like our sun will undergo a series of drastic changes. First, it will expand to become a red giant. The nearest planet, Mercury, would be swallowed up and the intense heat given off by the sun in this red giant stage would cause all the seas and oceans on earth to boil over and evaporate, signalling the end of life on earth.

Eventually, the star would start to collapse and lose its lustre and end up as a white dwarf. Here, the Quran uses the very accurate scientific words: "when stars lose their lustre" Surah 77: Verse 8 The finite life of stars is also referred to: "He has ordained the sun and the moon, each one runs (it's course) for an appointed time." Surah 13 verse 2 4. In 1965, a very important discovery was made, and that was the background radiation which confirmed the Big Bang theory.

But, the Big Bang theory, together with the detection of the red shift in the spectrum of faraway galaxies, gave birth to yet a new concept which stated that the universe is expanding. Further confirmation of the theory of the expanding universe was obtained from the spectrum analysis of faraway galaxies. When you hear a police car or ambulance approaching you and then moving away, you will notice a change in sound of its siren. As the vehicle approaches, the siren wails at a higher pitch than when it moves away. Yet, in reality the siren is wailing at the same pitch all the time. To the driver of the vehicle the sound of the siren never changes. Why does this happen? The reason is that the waves of sound emitted by the siren change in frequency, which causes a change in pitch. This principle, which is called the Doppler effect after its discoverer, applies to any waves and not only that of sound. When applied to light waves it was found that if the source of light is approaching its light would be shifted towards the blue end of the spectrum, while as light from a receding source would be shifted towards the red end of the spectrum. When analysing the light we receive from distant galaxies it was found that they all had a red shift meaning that they were flying away from us. This contribution of the red shift analysis meant that the universe is indeed expanding. This conclusion is literally mentioned in the Quran: "and the heavens we created with might (power) and we are expanding it." 51:47


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