Officials

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Football Officials

Submitted: November 23, 2009

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Submitted: November 23, 2009

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Officials
 
The official’s jurisdiction begins 60 minutes before the game until the referee declares the final score. The game shall be played under the supervision of four, five, six or seven officials
 
Each official is responsible for knowing the yardage to gain and the number of the down, granting timeouts, declaring the ball dead, starting the clock on free kicks, determining scores, using proper signals, and mastering NCAA playing rules. Officials shall use the current football official’s manual published under the jurisdiction of the collegiate commissioners association.
 
Officials shall wear a uniform prescribed in the current football official’s manual published under the jurisdiction of the collegiate commissioners association. A prescribed uniform includes: a whistle, a marker to designate fouls, a marker to record important field locations, a game card for recording fouls and a down recorder.
 
There are seven different positions for officials. They are referee, umpire, linesman, line judge, side judge, back judge, and field judge. The referee has general oversight and control of the game and will conduct a thorough pregame conference for the crew. The referee is responsible for coverage of the quarterback and the kicker and holder on scrimmage kicks. The umpire is responsible for line play on both sides of the neutral zone, legality of lineman downfield, defensive signals, and whether passes and kicks cross the neutral zone. He also is responsible for the legality of the snap, counting offensive players and correctly enforcing penalties. The linesman is responsible for the operation of the line-to-gain indicator and down indicator. He instructs a crew consisting of a minimum of two assistants and a third person who operates the line-to-gain and down indicators outside the sideline opposite the press box. The down indicator marks the football’s position. The line judge has jurisdiction over the neutral zone and infractions of the scrimmage formation. The field judge is responsible for observing eligible receivers, kicks and passes on his side of the field. The side judge is responsible for timing the game and observing eligible receivers, kicks and passes on his side of the field. The responsibilities of the back judge include counting the defensive team, timing the 25 second count, ruling on long passes and kicks, and the status of the ball in his area.
 


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