the congo basin

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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Games and book trains!


Congo Basin




 

From rivers, forests, savannas, swamps and flooded forests, the Congo Basin is brimming with life. The congo basin spreads across six countries- Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. The Congo Basin is 500 million acres and is larger than the state of Alaska. It is also the second biggest tropical forest.

 

Animals of the CongoBasin

 

Chimpanzee:

Like us, the Chimpanzee are highly social animals. They care for their baby and live for more than 50 years. Chimpanzees are our closest cousins, they share 98% of our DNA. Chimpanzees have a population of 172,000-299,000. They live in moist and dry forests in the Congo Basin. Their population is going down because people are destroying their habitat, they are being hunted for bushmeat and they are dieing cause of diseases which may be mild to humans, but deadly to chimps. The Ivory Coast has just revealed that the chimpanzee population has decreased by 90% in the past 20 years.

 

African Elephant:

The African Elephant is the largest walking land animal on earth. They are easily recognized by their trunk which is used for communicating and handling objects and their large ears which is used to radiate strong heat. The African Elephant family includes the Savanna Elephant and the Forest Elephant. The presence of the African Elephant helps to maintain suitable habitats for many other species. There are about 415,000 African Elephants in the wild. They are  being hunted for their tusks and meat and sold at the illegal ivory trade. In the 1980s, an estimation of about 100,000 African Elephants were killed each year and up to 80% of herds were lost in some areas. They live in tropical and subtropical, moist, broadleaf forests, grasslands, savannas and miombo woodlands.

 

Gorillas:

Gorillas display many human like behaviours and emotions such as laughter and sadness. They even make tools to help them survive in the forest. Gorillas share 98.3% of our genetic code making them our closest cousins after Chimpanzees and bonobos. Gorillas are the largest of the great apes and are chunky animals large  chests and shoulders, large human- like hands and small eyes in hairless faces. The Gorilla family includes the Cross River Gorilla, the Mountain Gorilla, the Western Lowland Gorilla and the Eastern lowland Gorilla. There are about 100,000 to 200,000 Gorillas left in the wild and are threatened because of habitat destruction and hunted for the bushmeat trade. The Ebola Hemorrhagic fever is a severe disease that has killed many African ape populations. Because Gorillas share so many traits with humans, they are prone to other human diseases.

 

Bonobos:

Bonobos and Chimpanzees look very similar to each other and share 98.7% of their DNA with humans, which make them our closest living relatives. Bonobos are usually a bit smaller, thinner and darker than chimpanzees. Humans hunt Bonobos to eat them, trade them as bushmeat, keep them as pets and for use in traditional medicine. Because of the growing human population and habitat destruction, Bonobos are kept in a few protected areas like Salonga National Park, but gangs of poachers have been free to invade Salonga National Park.

 


Submitted: December 13, 2017

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