St. Maximus the Confessor Elder & Brother

Book Review by: Yuriy Kobylnyk

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Submitted: June 21, 2011

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Submitted: June 21, 2011

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?????? ?????? ?????????? (????. ? ????? ??????? ? ??????????, ???. Sanctus Maximus Confessor) ????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? 580 ???? ?? ??? ????????? ? ???????? ? ????????? ????????????? ??????. ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????: ?????? ?????????, ?????????, ????????, ???????? ????? ??????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????. ???? ??????????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????, ?? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????[I]. ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????, ??? ???? ????????? ???????????? ?????[II], ? ?????????? ???? ??? ????????? ? ????? ? ??????????, ?? ???????? ??????? ? ??????, ? ?????, ?? ? ???????? ?????????? ???????, ?? ??. ?????? ??????? ? ????? ??????????? ??????, ??? ???????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???????? ???? ? ???????? ? ????????. ???????????? ??? ?????, ??? ????? ? ????????????? ???????[III] (614 ?.) ? ????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ?????????, ????????? ? ???? ?????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????????????. ????, ???? ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????, ?? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???. ??????? ?? ?? ????????, ??? ??? ??????? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ?????, ?? ? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ???, ?? ???? ???????? ???????, „????????? ????????? ??????.”
??? ????? ???????????? ????? ??? ????? ? ?????, ?? ??????????? ???? ? ????????, ???????? ????? ?? ??? ? ???????????. ? 633 ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????, ??????????? ????????? ????????[IV], ????????? ?????????????? (???’??? 11 ???????), ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ?? ???????????. ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????. ????? ????, ?? IV ??????????? ????? (? 451 ?.) ??????? ???????????[V], ?? ????????? ? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? (???????????) ???????, ?????????-???????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ? ?????? (????????????) ???, ?? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????????. ????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ? ????????, ?????, ??????. ?????, ?? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????, ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ?????. ???????? ?????????’? ? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ???, ?? ?? 630 ???? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ????? ??????? ??????????: ???????????????????? — ??????[VI]. ????????????? — ????????[VII], ???????????????? — ???[VIII]. ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????, ?? ??? ? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ??????????. ??? ??? ????????? ? ??????????, ??? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????[IX] ? ????????[X]. ? ??????????? ?? ? ?? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????. ? 638 ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????, ???????? ???????? ??????????? ? ????????????, ????? ????, ??? ?????? „???????” (????. ???????) — „?????? ????”, ?? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????. ????????? ???????? ????, ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ? ??????, ? ?? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????. „?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????????, ??? ? ?????, ?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????????? ????? ?? ?????”, — ???????? ???? ???? ?????. ?????????? 638 ???? ????? ???????? ??????, ? ? 641 ???? — ????? ???????. ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? II[XI], ????????? ?????????? ???????????. ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????. ??????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????????, ?? ? ??????, ? ???????????? ? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?’??? ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????[XII], ??????????? ?????????, ?? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ????????? ???????, ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????? 645 ???? ???????? ????????? ??????, ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????[XIII] ???????? ???????? ??? ???. ??????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ? ???, ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???? ? ????, ????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????????. ? 647 ???? ??. ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????. ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????. ? 648 ?. ??????? „????????” ?????? ????? ????, ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???????????????????? ?????????? ??????[XIV] — „?????” (????. ?????) — „?????? ????”, ?? ????????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????, ??? ? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????. ???? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? I[XV], ???? ?????? ???? ???????, ?? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ????? ??????. ? ?????? 649 ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????, ?? ????? ???? ???????? 150 ???????? ????????? ? 37 ????????????? ????????????? ?????, ????? ???? ??? ? ??. ?????? ??????????. ????? ??????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????, ?? ????, ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????, ? ???? ??????????, ???????????????????? ?????????? ??????, ????? ? ?????, ??????? ???????. ?? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????, ??????? ? ??????. ???????? II ????? ???? ???????, ? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ?? ?? ???????????????. ????? ????, ?? ?? ???? ???????, ??, ???????????? ? ???????????? ????? ???? ?? ? ????????? ? ??????????, ?? ???? ??????????? ?????? ????????, ?? ???? ? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????, ??. ??????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?’?????? ? ?????????[XVI], ?? ??? ? ????? ? 655 ?., ? ??. ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???, ? ?????? ?? ???? ???????????: ???????? ? ???????? ???????; ?????? ? ?’?????? ? ?????????; ???? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????[XVII], ????? ??????? ??’??????? ??. ????????; ?????, ???????? ??????, ????? ? ?????????, ? ??????? ??. ???????, ?? ???? ?????????, — ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????????. ?????? ???? ????????, ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ? ????????. ???? — ?????????? ??. ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????, ??? ??? ????????? ?????, ?? ??? ?? ???????. ???? ?? ?????????. ?????? ?????????’? ? ?????? ??. ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ???????, ??? ? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ?????????????. ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????, ?? ???? ???????? ??????, ??? ????????????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ????, ?? ? ????? ????, — ???????????? ? ?????????. ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????, „Acta Maximi”. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????????, ? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???????, ??? ????????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ???? ???? ???????????. ???? ???? ?????????, ?? ???, ????????? ?????, ??????? ????? ????? ???? ??????????, ?? ??? ??????????, ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???????????? ?????, ?? ???, ??????, ??? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????. ???????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???? ? ?????? ??????? ??????????????? ? ?????, ??? ??????: „? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???’??????? ?????? ? ??????, ??? ??? ??, ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????.” ??? ????? ?????? ??????-??????????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? II, ????????, ?? ?? „?????? ??????????, ? ?? ?????, — ???????????? ? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??????…? ??? ??? ???????[XVIII] ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????…” ???? ???????[XIX] ?????????, ?? ??????[XX] ???? ??????????? ? ????? ? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ? ??????????, ???. ?????? ????????: „?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???????, ??? ?????? ???????? ????, ?? ???????????…”
???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????????, ? ?????????, ? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????, ???????, ?? ???????? ?????? ? ???????. ???? ?? ?????????, ? ??. ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ??’??????? ????? ?????????[XXI] ? ???????[XXII], ?? ?? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????.
??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????, ? ??. ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ???? ??????????, ? ?????? ?? ? ?? ??????? ??????????????, ??? ??? ???? ??????????, ?????? ?????????: ? ???????? ???????, ? ?’?????? ? ????? ? ???????, ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? — ???????? ??????????? ?????, ??? ???????? ?? ????? ????, ????????? ??? ??????. ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????[XXIII].
? ??? ????????? ????????, ?????? ???????????? ? ?????? ???? ? ????????[XXIV], ??????? ???????? ??, ???????????? ?? ?????, ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????. ? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????, ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????, ? ????’? ?????????? ??? ??? ??? ?????. ?????, ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????, ???? ??????? ?? ???????.
?????? ??????? ????? ????? ? ???????? ? ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? — ???? ????????? ????, ???? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????, ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ????. ?????, ????????? ? ????????, ???????????? ?? ?????????, ?????, ?????????? ??? ???, ???????? ??????, ????????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ? ????. ?? ???? ??????? ? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????, ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????. ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????, — ?? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????. ???????, ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????. ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??????. ???, ???????????? ??? ???? ? ??????????? ???????, ?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??????, ??. ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? 26 (13) ?????? 662 ????, ???’??? — 21 ?????. ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????. ?? ????????? ?????????[XXV] 26 ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ????? ?? ???????????????, ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????????. ???????, ?? ???????????? ???’??? ?? 21 ????? ???’????? ? ???, ?? 26 ?????? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ???????????. ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????.
??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ????????. ???? ???????????[XXVI] ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ? 59-?? ??????, ??????[XXVII] ?? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????????[XXVIII] ? ????????? ???????? ?????????[XXIX]. ?? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ????????????, ?????? ?? „??????????” (????. ??????????) — „???????? ?? ????????.” ?? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ????????: ???? ???? ??????? ? ??????, ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ????. ? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?? ????????, ??? ???????????? ? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????. „???? ? ????????? ?? ? ???????? ???????, — ????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????[XXX], — ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ????. ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????…?????? (?? ????? ?????) ? ????????? ????????????? ??????, ???? ?????????? ????????? ??????, ?? ?? ???????? ?? ????????, ???? ?? ? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???? ? ???? ?? ? ??? ??? ???” (???? 22). ???????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????. ??? ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ???????-??????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????. ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? „????? ??? ?????.” ??????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????????[XXXI], ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????. ? ????????’? ???????????? ??????? ???????????, ????????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ?????-???????????? ?? ????????????? ????????? ??????????, ??????????? ??????????????? ??????????, ???????????? ?? ??????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????[XXXII] ?? ????????? ???????? ??????[XXXIII].
? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????, ?????? ?????????, ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ? ??? ???????? ????-?????, ? ?????????? ??? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ?????????? ?????????? ???????. ?? ??????????? ? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????, ? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????, ??? ??????????? ?? ???????????. ? ??????? ????, ?? ??? ???????, ?? ???????, ?? ???????? Migne, ???????????? ?????.
????? ????? ?? ??. ??????? ??? ??????:
1) ???????????? ?????, ? ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ??????.
2) ????????? ???? ??? ?????.
3) ????????? ?? ????? ?????, ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????????? ??????????????.
1.
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???? ? ???????
 
1. ??????? (?????) ???? ? ??????: „????? ????, ????? ????, ????, ??? ???? ???? ??????????? ?????????” ? ??????? ?????? ???? ? ?????????: „??????? ????, ?????, ???? ??, ????? ????? ?????? ????, ?????? ???? ??? ??. ???? ????? ????, ?? ????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ???? ????????.”
(????) ???? ????????: „?????? ????, ????, ?? ???” — ??????? ????????: „???????? ??????, ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ? ???????? ? ???, ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ? ??????, ? ?????, ?????????? ?? ??, ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????, ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????, ?? ????-??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ?? ?? ??????, — ?? ?????? ?????, ??????????? ??? ?????, ?????????? ????? ??? ????-????, ??????? ????? ? ?????????, ?????? ?? ???, ?? ???? ? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? (??. 9, 2; ??. 4, 16), ? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????????? ?????, ??? ??. ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???, ??? ?? ???? ????????, ? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???, ??? ?? ?? ?????????????????; ?, ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ???????, ??????? ??? ????? ??????????? ? ????? ???????, ????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????????? ????? ? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????, „?? ?? ? ????? ??? ????????, ??? ? ?????? ? ??????? ???” (1 ??. 15, 22); ? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??. ????, ?? ???????? ?????, ??? ???????????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????, ? ?? ????? ???, ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????.
???, ??????? ??????, ???? ???? ???? ??????????? ????????!”
2. ???? (?????) ????????: „? ????? ??, ????, ??????? ??????, ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????, ???? ?????????” ??????? ????????: „??? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???????????: „?????, ????, ? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????: ???????? ?? ? ??’? ???? ? ???? ? ??????? ????; ???????? ?? ??????? ???, ?? ? ??? ?????????” (??. 28, 19. 20). ????, ???, ?? ??? ?? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ????? ??????, ??????? ? ??’? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????. ??????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ??????????? ???? ?????????, ??????, ?? ??? ????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????. ???? ? ?????, ????? ??


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St. Maximus the Confessor Elder & Brother St. Maximus the Confessor Elder & Brother

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